The Department of Education was created in 1867, though not as a cabinet-level agency at that time. Its mission was to promote educational quality by discovering best practices in use at local school systems and communicating those practices across the country. When founded, it had a staff of 4 and an annual budget of $15,000. Now it has a staff of 4300 employees and a budget of $60 billion ($60,000,000,000).
At least this is the thought process of the beasties and the media. The highest court in the land? Hell, the SCOTUS is supposed to be simply an appellate court reached only when a federal law is appealed on grounds of law, not facts. In other words, these nine ordinary lawyers, and that’s all they are, are not according to the sacrosanct, albeit fictitious “founders,” supposed to do anything but sit on their asses most of the time.
The US was founded by religious fanatics and real estate developers. The leadership at independence consisted of an immensely wealthy planter class and graduates of a series of backwater seminaries. These groups momentarily united to create a government that would allow their own visions to succeed without interference from a central authority composed of their rivals.